白米甕砲台(荷蘭城)  

Pai-mi-wenge Battery(Dutch district)

白米甕砲台一帶,舊稱「荷蘭城」,可能是荷蘭人據台時期就竹有堡壘之類的建築之故。目前被列為三級古蹟。推究其設置的年代,大約在清光緒年間。今日所見,應是日治時期所改建。

本砲台位於基隆港西邊,坐落在海拔近70公尺的高地上高地了兩旁有小山,形成天然的屏障,可說是港口西岸的第一道防禦防線。

其特色為採一字排開的配置,由左而右---指揮所、四個砲座、觀測台一字並列面對海上,乃台灣現存砲台中唯一的形制。究其原因乃因地形上依恃在兩座小山丘間,可阻擋來自側邊的攻擊,而兩旁的高地則提供了極佳的視野,成為指揮所與觀測台的最佳選擇。

此外白米甕砲台的主要任務是直接以火力摧毀敵船於港外,因此採一字排開的方式,方可發揮最大的攻擊力,以便達成其「制海砲台」的指揮任務。

目前已無大砲在此,只見四座砲座和子牆的遺跡。左側的指揮所已改建,右側的觀測台則可由涼亭旁的石階拾級而上,視野極佳,可充分欣賞海天一色的景致。

交通:

1. 搭車者,可搭往太白里方向的公車

2. 字型開車前往者,可沿光華街37巷經太白社區的指標上坡。

The area of Pai-mi-wenge Battery is once called “Dutch district.” It might be named after the bulwark during the Dutch ruling period. The construction is now identified as the third-class historical site. The construction time was around Guang-syu period of Ching dynasty. The current sight is supposed to be built during Japanese rule.

The battery is located in the west of Keelung harbor. The location is a highland with the altitude of 70 m and hills on both sides. The natural barrier can be considered the first guard line of the west coast.

The character of this battery is the one-line arrangement from left to right—command post, four cannons, and observation post line in order and face the ocean. It is also the only battery with the one-line construction in Taiwan. The two hills on both sides can screen off the side attack, the highland also provide great visual field and thus become a perfect location for command post and observation post.

Moreover, the mission of Pai-mi-wenge Battery was to destroy the enemy boats in harbor with directly force. The one-line arrangement can exercise its best aggression and accomplish its mission of “battery for sea power.”

There is no cannon at these days. The vestiges of four cannons and sub-wall are still visible. The left side command post is rebuilt. The right side observation post can be reached through the stair next to the bower. The great view of ocean and sky is also enjoyable.

Transportation:

1. Visitors can take the bus forward to Tai-bai Li.

2. Drive along 37 alley of Guang-hau St. and follow the sign of Tai-bai community.